The Nation of Israel

Why did God choose Israel to be His chosen people?

Regarding the nation of Israel, Deuteronomy 7:7-9 tells us, “The LORD did not set His affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than other peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples. But it was because the LORD loved you and kept the oath He swore to your forefathers that He brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the land of slavery, from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Know therefore that the LORD your God is God; He is the faithful God, keeping His covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love Him and keep His commands.”

God chose the nation of Israel to be the people through whom Jesus Christ would be born—the Savior from sin and death (John 3:16). God first promised the Messiah after Adam and Eve’s fall into sin (Genesis chapter 3). God later confirmed that the Messiah would come from the line of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Genesis 12:1-3). Jesus Christ is the ultimate reason why God chose Israel to be His special people. God did not need to have a chosen people, but He decided to do it that way. Jesus had to come from some nation of people, and God chose Israel.

However, God’s reason for choosing the nation of Israel was not solely for the purpose of producing the Messiah. God’s desire for Israel was that they would go and teach others about Him. Israel was to be a nation of priests, prophets, and missionaries to the world. God’s intent was for Israel to be a distinct people, a nation who pointed others towards God and His promised provision of a Redeemer, Messiah, and Savior. For the most part, Israel failed in this task. However, God’s ultimate purpose for Israel—that of bringing the Messiah into the world—was fulfilled perfectly in the Person of Jesus Christ.

What are some Bible Prophecies fulfilled by the ancient destruction of Israel?

The Assyrians conquered and destroyed the northern kingdom of Israel in about 722 BC (about 2700 years ago). The Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem in 586 BC (about 2600 years ago). Jerusalem and the Temple were later rebuilt but were destroyed again, this time by the Romans 70 AD. In 135 AD, the Romans again attacked and destroyed Jerusalem.

Below is a partial list of Biblical prophecies that foretold the destruction of the land of Israel.

  • Daniel foretold the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple (Daniel 9:24-26).
  • The Bible foreshadowed Rome’s destruction of Israel (Deuteronomy 28:49-52).
  • Israel would become a wasteland (Deuteronomy 29:23).
  • Jesus explained why Jerusalem would be destroyed (Luke 19:41-44).
  • Jerusalem will be trampled upon (Luke 21:23-24).
  • Jesus prophesied that the Temple would be destroyed (Matthew 24:1-2).
  • Zion would be “plowed like a field” (Micah 3:11-12).

What are some Bible Prophecies fulfilled by the ancient exiling of the people of Israel?

Many Jews were forced out of their homeland by the conquering Assyrians in about 722 BC and by the conquering Babylonians in 586 BC. But many later returned. The conquering Romans exiled many Jews about 1900 years ago, leading to a worldwide dispersion of Jews.

Below are some of the Bible prophecies that foretold that the people of Israel would be forced into exile.

  • God will never forget the children of Israel (Isaiah 49:13-17).
  • The Jews would survive Babylonian rule and return home Jeremiah (32:36-37).
  • The people of Israel will never be completely destroyed (Leviticus 26:44).
  • Jesus prophesied that the Jews would be exiled and scattered (Luke 21:24).

What are some Bible Prophecies referring to the scattering of the exiles of Israel?

Not only did the Bible predict that the people of Israel would be forced into exile but it also foretold that the people would scattered throughout the world. Below is a selection of Bible prophecies involving the worldwide scattering or dispersion of the people of Israel, which is sometimes called the Diaspora.

  • The Jews would be scattered to other countries (Ezekiel 22:14-15).
  • Enemies would move into the land of Israel (Leviticus 26:32-33).
  • Jesus prophesied that the Jews would be exiled and scattered (Luke 21:24).

What are some Bible Prophecies that foretold of the persecution of Israel?

Many people today are aware of the Holocaust in which Nazi persecution led to the deaths of 6 million Jews. But Jews have endured intense persecutions for centuries before that. During the first and second centuries of this era, the Romans killed as many as 1.8 million Jews. And, the ancient destructions of Israel by the Assyrians and Babylonians nearly destroyed the people and country of Israel.

Below are some Biblical prophecies that foretold of the persecutions of the people of Israel.

  • God will never forget the children of Israel (Isaiah 49:13-17).
  • The Jews would survive Babylonian rule and return home (Jeremiah 32:36-37).
  • Enemies would move into the land of Israel (Leviticus 26:32-33).

What are some Bible Prophecies fulfilled by the re-gathering and restoration of Israel?

During ancient times, many of the people of the land of Israel were exiled by the Assyrians and Babylonians. After the fall of the Babylonian Empire about 2500 years ago, many Jews returned to their homeland and began a process of rebuilding their fallen cities.

Below are two Bible prophecies that predicted the regathering of Israel.

  • The people of Israel would return to “their own land” (Ezekiel 34:13).
  • The Jews would survive Babylonian rule and return home (Jeremiah 32:36-37).

What are some Bible Prophecies fulfilled involving the nationhood of Israel?

Jewish history is unique in the extent to which its people have been exiled from their land and yet able to later return and re-establish their country. During ancient times, the Jews were forced to essentially relocate their center of life from Jerusalem to Babylon. But they had the ability to later restore Jersualem as their center of life, as well as the land of Israel as their home.

Below is a selection of Bible prophecies that predicted nationhood for the people of Israel.

  • The people of Israel would return to “their own land” (Ezekiel 34:13).
  • Abraham’s descendants would have their own country (Genesis 15:18).
  • Jacob’s descendants would inherit the land of Israel (Genesis 35:9-12).
  • The Jews would survive Babylonian rule and return home (Jeremiah 32:36-37).

Creation of Israel, 1948

On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day.

Although the United States supported the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which favored the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had assured the Arabs in 1945 that the United States would not intervene without consulting both the Jews and the Arabs in that region. The British, who held a colonial mandate for Palestine until May 1948, opposed both the creation of a Jewish state and an Arab state in Palestine as well as unlimited immigration of Jewish refugees to the region. Great Britain wanted to preserve good relations with the Arabs to protect its vital political and economic interests in Palestine.

Soon after President Truman took office, he appointed several experts to study the Palestinian issue. In the summer of 1946, Truman established a special cabinet committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Henry F. Grady, an Assistant Secretary of State, who entered into negotiations with a parallel British committee to discuss the future of Palestine. In May 1946, Truman announced his approval of a recommendation to admit 100,000 displaced persons into Palestine and in October publicly declared his support for the creation of a Jewish state. Throughout 1947, the United Nations Special Commission on Palestine examined the Palestinian question and recommended the partition of Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state. On November 29, 1947 the United Nations adopted Resolution 181 (also known as the Partition Resolution) that would divide Great Britain’s former Palestinian mandate into Jewish and Arab states in May 1948 when the British mandate was scheduled to end. Under the resolution, the area of religious significance surrounding Jerusalem would remain a corpus separatum under international control administered by the United Nations.

Although the United States backed Resolution 181, the U.S. Department of State recommended the creation of a United Nations trusteeship with limits on Jewish immigration and a division of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab provinces but not states. The State Department, concerned about the possibility of an increasing Soviet role in the Arab world and the potential for restriction by Arab oil producing nations of oil supplies to the United States, advised against U.S. intervention on behalf of the Jews. Later, as the date for British departure from Palestine drew near, the Department of State grew concerned about the possibility of an all-out war in Palestine as Arab states threatened to attack almost as soon as the UN passed the partition resolution.

Despite growing conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Palestinian Jews and despite the Department of State’s endorsement of a trusteeship, Truman ultimately decided to recognize the state Israel.

What are some Bible prophecies related to the preservation of Israel?

Perhaps no other group of people has endured as much persecution as have the people of Israel. Among other tragedies, the people of Israel have survived 400 years of slavery in Egypt, and the near-total destruction of their homeland by the Assyrians and Babylonians, as well as the devastations caused later by the Romans.

Below is a selection of Bible prophecies that foretold of the preservation of Israel.

  • Counting Abraham’s descendants would be like counting the stars (Genesis 15:5).
  • Father of many nations (Genesis 17:5).
  • God promised to restore the Jews (Isaiah 27:12-13).
  • God will never forget the children of Israel (Isaiah 49:13-17).
  • The Jews would survive Babylonian rule and return home (Jeremiah 32:36-37).
  • The people of Israel will never be completely destroyed (Leviticus 26:44).

What are some Messianic Old Testament Bible Prophecies fulfilled by Jesus Christ?

The Bible has many prophecies that ancient rabbis identified as being “Messianic,” meaning that they speak about an “anointed one” – a special person anointed by God – to carry out work ordained by God. Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of the Bible’s Messianic promises. Perhaps the Bible’s most famous Messianic passages are found in Isaiah, chapter 53.

Below is a selection of Bible prophecies fulfilled by Jesus Christ the Messiah.

  • King David’s throne would be established forever (2 Samuel 7:16).
  • Daniel predicted when an anointed one would be rejected (Daniel 9:24-26).
  • God promised another prophet like Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15-18).
  • The Messiah would be a descendant of Abraham (Genesis 22:18).
  • The Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:10).
  • Isaiah foreshadowed the virgin birth of Jesus (Isaiah 7:14).
  • There would be a son called God (Isaiah 9:6-7).
  • Nations would seek the counsel of Jesse’s descendant (Isaiah 11:1-10).
  • He would perform miracles (Isaiah 35:4-6).
  • The Messiah would be preceded by a messenger (Isaiah 40:1-5,9).
  • The Messiah would be a light to Gentiles (Isaiah 42:1-9).
  • God’s salvation would reach the ends of the earth (Isaiah 49:6).
  • Jesus was spat upon and beaten (Isaiah 50:6).
  • The Messiah would be rejected (Isaiah 53:1-3).
  • God’s servant would die for our sins (Isaiah 53:4-6).
  • God’s servant would be silent before his accusers (Isaiah 53:7).
  • God’s servant would be buried in a rich man’s tomb (Isaiah 53:9).
  • God’s servant would be “numbered with the transgressors” (Isaiah 53:12).
  • Isaiah foreshadows the ministry of Jesus (Isaiah 61:1-2).
  • The Messiah would be a descendant of King David (Jeremiah 23:5).
  • All who believe in Jesus will be saved (John 3:16).
  • Jesus proclaims that he is the Messiah (John 4:19-26).
  • Jesus told Peter that the church would survive and thrive Matthew (16:17,18).
  • Jesus foretold his death and resurrection (Matthew 20:17-19).
  • The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:1-2).
  • The crucifixion of Jesus is foreshadowed (Psalm 22:1,7,8,16,17,18).
  • Jesus was betrayed by a friend (Psalm 41:9).
  • The Messiah would enter Jerusalem while riding on a donkey (Zechariah 9:9).
  • Zechariah foreshadowed the crucifixion of Jesus (Zechariah 12:10).